Spy Numbers Station Bibliography
This is my attempt to create a bibliography of books and magazine articles dealing with Spy Number Stations.
I may also include articles on related subjects (single letter beacons, etc).
I'm starting with the various Popular Communications articles that I have copies of.
Next I'll search through back issues of Popular Electronics, Radio Electronics (which I know used to run such
articles back in the 70's). I don't get Monitoring Times, so please feel free to let me know of any articles
they've run (I believe Havana Moon used to write articles for them, in addition to his column).
Plus any other articles in popular magazines that may have popped up.
I'm not going to refer to monthly columns in magazines (Spy Center in the old ACE, etc).
Last updated 9 April 1997
- Dexter, Gerry, Shortwave Radio Listening with the Experts, 1986, Howard W. Sams, ISBN 0-672-22519-0
[Chapter 13 is on Numbers Stations, and is by Harry Helms]
- Dyquetta, Robert M., "About The Spy Numbers Transmissions", Popular Communications, March, 1985, p.34-39.
Observations about Numbers Stations, common formats, schedules.
- Dyquetta, Robert M., "Remington Sub Types - Number Transmission Survey Report", Popular Communications, May, 1985, p.16-24.
Results of a study of messages, and patterns of voice and CW transmissions.
- Dyquetta, Robert M., "Spy Number Transmissions", Popular Communications, November, 1985, p.12-15.
General discussion of Numer Stations, with an emphasis on the history, and asking "why?".
- Helms, Harry, The SWL's Manual of Non-Boradcast Stations, 1981, TAB Books, ISBN 0-8306-1235-1
[Various Utility stations, including Numbers Stations]
- Helms, Harry, How To Tune The Secret Shortwave Spectrum, 1981, TAB Books, ISBN 0-8306-1185-1
[Numbers Stations, Pirates, etc]
- Helms, Harry AA6FW, "Great Shortwave Riddles", Popular Communications, December, 1988, p.34-35.
Discussion of KKN39, Number Stations, other unknown stations.
- Helms, Harry AA6FW, "Shortwave Mysteries", Popular Communications, August, 1990, p.12-14.
Discussion of The Foghorn, KKN50, Numbers Stations, other unknown stations.
- Helms, Harry AA6FW, "Where The Shortwave Mysteries Are", Popular Communications, February, 1991, p.14-15.
Discussion of Number Stations and pirates, with special emphasis on 6840 kHz, along with a listing of frequencies
from the "Warrenton Training Center National Communications System Communication School's Athorized Frequency List".
- Kneitel, Tom, K2AES, "The Enigma of Diplomatic Shortwave Stations". Popular Communications, July, 1986, p.10-16.
Discussion of transmission from embassies, including the various US stations (KKNxx, etc).
- Kneitel, Tom, K2AES, "Strength In Numbers". Popular Communications, June, 1987, p.34-37.
Photographs of the National Communication System, Warrenton, Virginia site, list of frequencies supposedly used by the school,
with comments of observed Numbers Station activity on each frequency.
- Mason, Simon, Secret Signals: The EuroNumbers Mystery, 1991, Tiare Publications, ISBN 0-936653-28-0
- Moon, Havana, Uno, Dos, Cuatro - A Guide to the Numbers Stations, Tiare Publications, ISBN ???
- Moon, Havana, Los Numeros - The Numbers Stations Log, Tiare Publications, ISBN ???
- Moon, Havana, "Spy Number Anomalies", Popular Communications, August, 1988, p.16-17.
Discussion of the distortion often heard in audio, speculating that two transmitters are used, one for the
carrier, and one in SSB for the audio. Direction finding would indicate the carrier site only.
- Moon, Havana, "The Ghost of County Line Road", Popular Communications, October, 1988, p.14-17.
Photographs can commentary of a possible former site of SS/YL numbers on 4670 kHz, in Florida.
- Moon, Havana, "Tequesta (Almost) Gives Up Her Secrets", Popular Communications, November, 1988, p.30-32.
Conclusion of a two part article.
- Moon, Havana, "Racing With The Moon", Popular Communications, April, 1989, pg 33.
Information from Germany, Burst Transmissions, a Russian Numbers Station.
- Moon, Havana, "KKN39: A Magical Myster Tour", Popular Communications, February, 1990, p.20-22.
Photographs and commentary of a National Communications System site near Miami, Florida.
- Orr, William I., "High Frequency Single Letter Beacons (SLBs) Part One.", Popular Communications, December, 1984, p.28-31.
Analysis of SLB transmissions, possible locations, purposes.
- Orr, William I., "High Frequency Single Letter Beacons (SLBs) Part Two.", Popular Communications, January, 1985, p.22-24.
Continuation of article. Cluster Beacons discussed.
- Orr, William I., "The Cluster Beacons Revisited", Popular Communications, February, 1985, p.38-40.
Discussion of the various channels used by Cluster Beacons, locations of beacons on each channel.
- Schimmel, Don, The Underground Frequency Guide, 1994, HighText, ISBN 1-878707-17-5
[Numbers Stations, SLHFMs, etc]
- Schimmel, Don, "Secrets of Shortwave Espionage", Popular Communications, May, 1988, p.10-12.
Discussion of techniques on how information could be transmitted to agents, disinformation by transmitting bogus messages.
- Schimmel, Don, "Secrets of Shortwave Espionage Part Two", Popular Communications, June, 1988, p.10-12.
Continuation of article, discussion of various formats used for transmissions.
- Schimmel, Don, "Tracking Those Numbers Stations", Popular Communications, March, 1995, p.32-34.
Discussion of Russian RTTY Numbers Stations.
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